Artificial intelligence offers from legal advice to interpretation of contracts.The integration of technology with the courts.
In 2016, Ross became popular as the first legal robot hired by a law firm called “Abogado Penalista“. It is an artificial intelligence system, powered by IBM Watson , which was acquired by the famous firm Baker & Hostetler and whose mission, as it was announced at the time, was to review thousands of legal documents to search for data that would reinforce business cases. A job that new lawyers usually do.
A year later, the world was amazed by DoNotPay, a chatbot that offers legal advice on fines and traffic infractions and that works in 50 US states. This virtual consultant, developed by the British Joshua Browder, managed to get rid of, in a few months, more than 375,000 fines for bad parking.
Is artificial intelligence putting the employment of lawyers at risk? Or will it be possible to achieve a happy coexistence between robots and humans? That was the main topic that was addressed in LegalTech Forum “Technologization of Justice and Judicial Processes”, last week.
Automation in the Argentine justice
In this context, Juan Manuel Haddad, manager of the Regulatory and Competence of Telefónica – Movistar in Argentina, spoke about the Oficios Project, which allows the courts with which there is an agreement (currently implemented in the Office of the Attorney General of the Nation, Ciudad de Buenos Aires, Mendoza, Jujuy, Paraguay and Santa Fe) directly load the trades to a portal that is integrated to the company.
“From there the robot takes the information that the court uploaded, copies the information, extracts the data and the same robot makes a report with that and uploads it to the portal that is open to the court. tried in 8 days to do it in 15 minutes, “said Haddad. This digital integration automated the entry of queries to Telefónica and allows to resolve doubts or inquiries in less time.
Enrique Del Carril, director of the Judicial Investigation Corps of the Public Prosecutor’s Office of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires, says that they use this portal to check the origin of IP addresses when they have reports of cases of child pornography.
“When, for example, the United States National Center for Missing and Exploited Children, where all the social networks participate, sends us a report telling us that they identified a case of child pornography in Argentina, we consulted the IP address in question in the portal and we see where they come from in particular and, if appropriate, we can refer them to the point of contact of the province where the case comes from, “details Del Carril, the dialogue with Infobae .
For his part, Haddad recalled that at Telefónica they are also working with the Maite Project, an artificial intelligence system developed within the company -where there is a big data area of 100 people- together with a consultancy. This robot reads the contracts and answers doubts that arrive inside the company about these documents, such as expiration date, clauses, etc.
“There is a process of disintermediation, which leads to generating a self-service system focused on customers,” said Haddad. He adds: “Collaborative work is not only between people but also between people and machines.”
The blockchain in contracts
Federico Ast, an economist and specialist in innovation and digital business, spoke about blockchain , the technology behind bitcoin . And he recalled that this system is not only synonymous with cryptocurrencies but is used for various things, including contracts.
The main value of the blockchain is that it is information contained in blocks that can not be altered or edited without this having an impact on the chain that contains those blocks.
This distributed system makes the blockchain a reliable or secure system. Hence, it has moved to so many other areas; among them, that of smart contracts.
The new legal tech
“Last year JP Morgan invested 1.5 million dollars in COIN to replace some 360,000 hours of legal consulting,” said Andrés Jara, lawyer and founder of Alster Legal, a platform that offers lawyers on demand.
COIN is software that interprets legal documents. This system not only allowed the bank to save time but also a large amount of money that each year spent as a result of interpretation errors in contracts.
With that example, Jara wanted to make it clear that artificial intelligence is reducing the demand for lawyers at least in what refers to certain tasks that today, through artificial intelligence and automation, can be done more quickly and accurately.
What then holds the lawyers? The future is uncertain for this profession as well as for others.The most optimistic believe that it can be an opportunity to perform other less routine and repetitive tasks within the same area. Others believe that it will have to be completely reconverted.
For now, there is a moment of convergence, which emerges from a cooperation between humans and robots. And in this context, as in other areas, new ventures emerged, such as legal tech where some advice is given through bots and artificial intelligence systems, while the most complex consulting is in the hands of humans.
Only time, which feels increasingly faster, will tell where this social and economic transformation that came from the hand of the fourth industrial revolution will go. What is clear is that the machines are here to stay.